Thursday, December 10, 2009

2010 Top Prospect List: #18 Juan Silva, of

Juan Silva
Height 6-0, Weight 190, B/T: L/L, DOB: 1/8/1991
2009 Redlegs Baseball Prospect Ranking: Not Ranked

Juan Silva is another intriguing prospect that the Reds nabbed in the 2009 draft. It's obviously too early to make any kind of real determination, but the Reds 2009 draft is shaping up nicely. They selected a nice mix of pitchers and potential impact position players, one of which was Juan Silva.

The Reds selected Silva with the 239th overall pick in the 8th round of the 2009 draft out of the Puerto Rico Baseball Academy, which is the same school that produced fellow Reds prospect Alexis Oliveras. The Reds have focused heavily on Puerto Rico as of late, which also netted them Neftali Soto.

Silva has a strong build and good athleticism, which gives him a nice set of tools. In addition, he seems to already be figuring out how to translate those tools into baseball specific skills, which gives him a leg up on other prospects his age.

Professional Career

Upon signing his first professional contract, the Reds sent Silva to the rookie Gulf Coast League, where, as an 18-year old, he made quick work of the competition.

For the Gulf Coast Reds, Silva posted a solid line of .280/.372/.462/.833 in 166 plate appearances. He collected 40 hits, including 17 extra base hits (9 2b, 7 3bs, 1 HR) and a 45/21 K/BB ratio. His walk rate was fairly impressive, 13% of plate appearances, especially in light of his age and relative lack of experience. He also swiped 7 bases in 11 attempts.

Overall, not bad numbers for an 18-year old getting his first taste of the professional game. He demonstrated a nice, well-rounded offensive game. He drew his fair share of walks, flashed some power, and showed some speed. In addition, digging a little deeper may reveal Silva's performance to be even a bit stronger than it was at first glance.

Taking a look at Silva's platoon splits reveals that he suffered the usual problems against southpaws, hitting only .200/.263/.286/.549 with a 12/3 K/BB ratio in 35 ABs. However, that means that his performance against righties was even stronger, as evidenced by his line of .306/.405/.519/.923 with a 33/18 K/BB ratio in 108 ABs. His line drive rate against righties was 19.1%, while against lefties it was only 8.7%. It's pretty typical for young lefties to struggle against southpaws, as there simply aren't many top notch southpaws in the amateurs ranks. The struggles against lefties aren't entirely unexpected and the performance against righties was pretty strong.

In sum, it was a pretty impressive professional debut for Silva.

Swing Mechanics

Here is a look at Juan Silva in action (unfortunately, there are a number of ads preceding this video, but you can bypass them by skipping ahead to the 45 second mark):

Silva utilizes a fairly well-balanced, controlled swing and gets good extension on his swing. He starts with a hand position at shoulder height and draws them back slightly into hitting position when the pitcher delivers the ball. His stance is slightly wider than shoulder width and he starts with his back elbow up. He has a slight uppercut to his swing and possesses good bat speed. He doesn't have any wasted motion in his swing and his swing path seems pretty quick to the ball. His swing is fluid and flowing, but doesn't seem to suffer from the excessive length that plagues the swings of many sweet swinging lefties.

One potential area of concern is Silva's stride and it's potential impact on his hip rotation. Silva's stride consists of drawing his foot back slightly and towards the plate for a toe-tap before moving it forward for a normal length stride. However, when his stride foot lands his toe is frequently pointed towards third base or even the shortstop. This open foot position results in a lower degree of hip rotation, as it requires opening up sooner than normal. Firing the hips generates power in the swing, so a reduction in hip rotation could result in a loss of power. By pointing his stride foot towards 3b/ss Silva's swing may be bleeding a bit of power. In addition, at times the combination of his open toed stride and hip rotation results in Silva being off-balance on his follow-through and falling towards the plate with his back leg. Fortunately, that is something of a minor flaw and one that would not be too difficult to correct. Simply closing up his plant foot could help him stay square to the ball longer, ensure that he doesn't spin off the ball too soon, and, as a result, improve his balance on his follow-through as well.

Overall, Silva has a smooth, fundamentally sound swing that should serve him well as he progresses up the ranks.

Defense and Positional Value

For the Gulf Coast League Reds, Silva played 35 games in centerfield, but also shifted over to rightfield for 8 games. The sample size is too small to draw any definitive conclusions on Silva's defense, but he moves well in the field and his overall athleticism will serve him well whether he plays center or slides over to a corner spot. He also possesses good arm strength, having been clocked at 88 mph on the radar gun, which will serve him well in either center or right. Obviously, he'll have more positional value if he can play center and the Reds will continue to run him out there unless he proves incapable of handling it.


Silva is most definitely one to watch. He not only has a nice set of tools, but his approach at the plate allows him to translate those tools into offensive production. If things break right for Silva, then he could have a well-rounded offensive game to go along with solid defense and good positional value. He's still young and has a long way to travel on the development curve, but his professional debut illustrates that he brings a bit more polish and significantly more on-base skills to the table than most prospects his age. His swing mechanics are fundamentally sound and illustrate the reason for his early professional success in the rookie league.

Silva's approach should allow him to get the most out of his diverse set of tools, which for now is good enough to land him at #18 on the list.


  1. hmm very interesting, i learned alot about him from this post. he just jumped up my top 25 list for sure. Imm very impressed, he seems to have alot of speed with all those triples. Hopefully that will allow him to stick in center and get better at stealing.

  2. It's great to see the Reds making their presence known in the Latin American talent pool. Hopefully some of these kids pan out and make an impact with the big league club.

    Viva la Redlegs.

  3. Smitty,

    Interesting point on the triples. When you pair that with the stolen bases, it's even more clear that he can run a bit.

    Still, the thing that jumps out at me most about Silva is the walk rate. I mentioned Neftali Soto and Alexis Oliveras in this write-up, but Silva utilizes a different approach than those two. In fact, he may have better on-base skills than those two put together.

    For me, when you add his disciplined approach at the plate to his fundamentally sound swing, then you may have something, especially when you factor in his good athleticism.

    Anyway, I have high hopes for Silva. He's one of the prospects that really jumped out at me in doing the research for these write-ups.


  4. Pete,

    I agree, it's a real positive to see the Reds work so hard at reestablishing a foothold in Latin America. Such an approach can really improve the depth, as well as quality of the farm system.

    Puerto Rico is a slightly different animal, as it is a territory that is subject to the MLB amateur draft. So, prospects like Soto, Oliveras, and Silva have been drafted by the Reds, while other prospects from Latin America (Cueto, Juan Duran, Yorman Rodriguez, Miguel Rojas) have been signed as international free agent.

    Regardless of the method of acquisition, the Reds have really renewed their emphasis on international scouting. Back in the "good old days," the Reds were really able to find quality prospects/players out of Latin America. Reestablishing that flow of talent could go a long way towards regaining the winning tradition in Cincy.


  5. i agree, he most definitly has much better plate disipline then soto and oliveras. If he continues to improve in that category then with his speed he would make an excellent leadoff/2hole guy. Im liking him more and more everytime i think about it

  6. Smitty,

    It'll be interesting to see how he develops. I think he's got some power potential in him, so he may not be limited to a table-setting role.

    Still, he's got a very long way to go, but his first step was certainly a good one.


  7. Count me in as a big fan of Juan Silva. I was very impressed with his performance in the GCL.

  8. OBM,

    Good to see ya.

    Silva is one of the guys who really jumped out at me when I was doing the research for the top prospect list. I like both the process and the results with Juan.

    His swing is fundamentally sound and should play well as he advances up the ladder. In addition, not only did he perform well in the GCL, but it's the way in which he performed that gives me hope.

    Unlike a lot of young prospects, Silva seems to have the ability to control the strike zone. I like some of things that Alexis Oliveras brings to the table, but he simply lacks an understanding of the strike zone and how to control it. Silva, on the other hand, seems to be ahead of the game in that respect, which should really help him as he advances in pro ball.

    Maybe a larger sample size will reveal his disciplined approach to be a mirage, but I tend to doubt it. I think he's got a good understanding of how to hit and that should serve him well in the organization.

    Thanks for the comment!